Papers in Referred Conference Proceedings
Jung, M. F., Lee, J. J., DePalma, N., Adalgeirsson, S. O., Hinds, P. J., & Breazeal, C. (2013, February). Engaging robots: easing complex human-robot teamwork using backchanneling. In Proceedings of the 2013 conference on Computer supported cooperative work (pp. 1555-1566). ACM.

Williams, K., Peters, J. and Breazeal, C. “Towards Leveraging the Driver’s Mobile Device for an Intelligent, Sociable In-Car Robotic Assistant,” IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium, 23-26 Jun. 2013.

Williams, K. and Breazeal, C. “Towards an Affective Intelligent Driving Agent,” International Conference on Intelligent Systems and Technologies, 14-15 Mar. 2013.

Williams, K. and Breazeal, C. A Reasoning Architecture for Human-Robot Joint Tasks using Physics-, Social-, and Capability-Based Logic. IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, pp. 664-671, 7-12 Oct. 2012.

W. Bradley Knox, Cynthia Breazeal, and Peter Stone.
Learning from feedback on actions past and intended. In Proceedings of 7th ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction, Late-Breaking Reports Session. March 2012.

Chernova, S., DePalma, N., Morant, E., & Breazeal, C.
Crowdsourcing human-robot interaction: Application from virtual to physical worlds. In RO-MAN, 2011 (pp. 21-26). IEEE.

J. K. Lee and C. Breazeal.
Human Social Response toward Humanoid Robot's Head and Facial Features. in Work-In-Progress in the Extended Abstract of CHI 2010, April 10-15, 2010, Atlanta, GA

Siegel, M.; Breazeal, C.; Norton, M.I., "Persuasive Robotics: The influence of robot gender on human behavior," Intelligent Robots and Systems, 2009. IROS 2009. IEEE/RSJ International Conference on , vol., no., pp.2563,2568, 10-15 Oct. 2009 doi: 10.1109/IROS.2009.5354116. Best paper nomination.

Philipp Robbel, David Demirdjian, Cynthia Breazeal. Simultaneous Localization and Mapping with People. RSS Workshop on Advanced Reasoning with Depth Cameras, June 2011.

Sigurdur Orn Adalgeirsson.
Mebot, a robotic platform for socially embodied telepresence. In Proceedings of the fifth ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction (HRI-10). ACM/IEEE International, 2010. Best Paper Nomination.

Jun Ki Lee, Cynthia Breazeal (2010). “Human social response toward humanoid robot's head and facial features”. CHI Extended Abstracts 2010: 4237-4242

Angela Chang, Pei-yu Chi, Nick Montfort, Cynthia Breazeal, and Henry Lieberman (2010). “Lessons Learned from Designing Children’s Interactive Narratives”. The 4th International Conference & Festival of the Electronic Literature Organization, Providence, RI, USA, June 2010.

Sonia Chernova, Jeff Orkin, and Cynthia Breazeal (2010). “Crowdsourcing HRI through Online Multiplayer Games”. Proceedings of AAAI Fall Symposium on Dialog with Robots. Washington DC.

Sigurdur O. Adalgeirsson, Cynthia Breazeal (2010). “MeBot: a robotic platform for socially embodied presence.” HRI 2010: 15-22

Sonia Chernova and Cynthia Breazeal (2010).“Learning Temporal Plans from Observation of Human Collaborative Behavior”, In AAAI Spring Symposium, It's All in the Timing: Representing and Reasoning About Time in Interactive Behavior.

Walter Dan Stiehl, Jun Ki Lee, Cynthia Breazeal, Marco Nalin, Angelica Morandi, Alberto Sanna (2009). “The huggable: a platform for research in robotic companions for pediatric care”. IDC 2009: 317-320.

Stiehl, W. Chang, A., Wistort,R., Breazeal, C. (2009). “The Robotic Preschool of the Future: New Technologies for Learning and Play”, Finalist in the Como 4 Children Competition at Interaction Design for Children 2009, June 3-5, 2009, in Como, Italy.

Cynthia Breazeal: Living better with robots. ICMI 2009: 1-2

Jason B. Alonso, Angela Chang, Jeff Orkin and Cynthia Breazeal. Eliciting collaborative social interactions through online games (2009). Common Sense and Intelligent User Interfaces 2009: Story Understanding and Generation for Context-Aware Interface Design. Sanibel Island, FL.

Ryan Wistort, Cynthia Breazeal (2009). TOFU: a socially expressive robot character for child interaction. Proceedings of Interaction Design and Children 2009: 292-293
Mikey Siegel, Cynthia Breazeal, Michael I. Norton: Persuasive Robotics: The influence of robot gender on human behavior. IROS 2009: 2563-2568

Heather Knight, Robert Lopez Toscano, Walter Dan Stiehl, A. Chang, Yi Wang, Cynthia Breazeal: Real-time social touch gesture recognition for sensate robots. IROS 2009: 3715-3720

Philipp Robbel, Mohammed E. Hoque, Cynthia Breazeal. An Integrated Approach to Emotional Speech and Gesture Synthesis in Humanoid Robots. ICMI-MLMI Workshop on Affective-aware Virtual Agents and Social Robots, November 2009.

C. Breazeal and M. Berlin (2008) “Spatial Scaffolding for Sociable Robot Learning”. Proceedings of 23rd Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI-08). Chicago, IL.

G. Hoffman and C. Breazeal (2008). “Anticipatory Perceptual Simulation for Human- Robot Joint Practice: Theory and Application”. Proceedings of 23rd Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI-08). Chicago, IL.

J.K. Lee, R. Toscano, D. Stiehl, C. Breazeal (2008). “The Design of a Semi-Autonomous Robot Avatar for Family Communication and Education”. Proceedings of the 17th IEEE International Symposium on Robot and Human Interactive Communication (RO-MAN-08). Munich, Germany.

G. Hoffman, R. Kubat, and C. Breazeal (2008). “A hybrid control system for puppeterring a live robotic stage actor.” Proceedings of the 17th IEEE International Symposium on Robot and Human Interactive Communication (RO-MAN-08). Munich, Germany.

M. Berlin, C. Breazeal, C. Chao (2008). “Spatial Scaffolding Cues for Interactive Robot Learning”. Proceedings of the 2008 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS 2008). Nice, France.

C. Kidd and C. Breazeal (2008). “Robots at Home: Understanding Long-Term Human-Robot Interaction”. Proceedings of the 2008 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS 2008). Nice, France.

C. Breazeal & A. Thomaz (2008). “Learning from human teachers with socially guided exploration. Proceedings of the 2008 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automatio (ICRA-08). Pasadena, CA.

G. Hoffman & C. Breazeal (2008). “Achieving fluency through perceptual-symbol practice in human-robot collaboration. Proceedings of the third ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction (HRI-08). Amsterdam.

C. Breazeal, J. Gray, M. Berlin (2007). “Mindreading as a foundational skill for socially intelligent roots. In Proceedings of the 2007 International Symposium on Robotics Research (ISRR-07). Hiroshima, Japan

G. Hoffman and C. Breazeal. Achieving Fluency through Perceptual-Symbol Practice in Human-Robot Collaboration, ACM/IEEE international conference on Human-robot interaction (HRI'08), March 2008.

Lieberman, J. & Breazeal, C. (2007) “Development of a Wearable Vibrotactile Feedback Suit for Accelerated Human Motor Learning.” Proceedings of the 2007 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA). 4001-4006.

Hyung-il Ahn, Alea Teeters, Andrew Wang, Cynthia Breazeal, Rosalind Picard (2007) "Stoop to Conquer: Posture and affect interact to influence computer users’ persistence." Proceedings of Affective Computing and Intelligent Interaction (ACII). Lisbon, Portugal.

J. Gray, M. Berlin, C. Breazeal (2007). “Intention Recognition with Divergent Beliefs for Collaborative Robots. In Proceedings of the 2007 Artificial Intelligence and Simulation of Behavior (AISB) workshop on Mindfuil Environments, ed. Stacy Marsalla Newcastle Upon Tyne, UK.

Cory D. Kidd and Cynthia Breazeal (2007). A Robotic Weight Loss Coach. Twenty-Second Conference on Artificial Intelligence. Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. AAAI, 2007.

A. L. Thomaz, and C. Breazeal (2007). “Robot Learning via Socially Guided Exploration.” In Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Developmental Learning (ICDL). Imperial College, London.

A. L. Thomaz, G. Hoffman, and C. Breazeal (2007). “Asymmetric Interpretations of Positive and Negative Human Feedback for a Social Learning Agent.” In Proceedings of the 16th IEEE International Symposium on Robot and Human Interactive Communication (RO-MAN). Jeju Island , Korea

Hoffman, G. and Breazeal, C. (2007). Effects of anticipatory action on human-robot teamwork efficiency, fluency, and perception of team. In Proceeding of the ACM/IEEE international Conference on Human-Robot interaction (Arlington, Virginia, USA, March 10 – 12, 2007). HRI ‘07. ACM Press, New York, NY, 1-8. Best Student Paper.

Breazeal, C., Wang, A., and Picard, R. (2007). Experiments with a robotic computer: body, affect and cognition interactions. In Proceeding of the ACM/IEEE international Conference on Human-Robot interaction (Arlington, Virginia, USA, March 10 – 12, 2007). HRI ‘07. ACM Press, New York, NY, 153-160.

M.Berlin, J. Gray, A. L. Thomaz, and C. Breazeal (2006). “Perspective taking: An organizing principle for learning in human-robot interaction.” In Proceedings of the 21st National Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI).

A. L. Thomaz, and C. Breazeal.(2006) “Reinforcement Learning with Human Teachers: Evidence of feedback and guidance with implications for learning performance.” In Proceedings of the 21st National Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI).

Brooks, A. G. and Breazeal, C. (2006). Working with robots and objects: revisiting deictic reference for achieving spatial common ground. In Proceeding of the 1st ACM SIGCHI/SIGART Conference on Human-Robot interaction (Salt Lake City, Utah, USA, March 02 – 03, 2006). HRI ‘06. ACM Press, New York, NY, 297-304.

Thomaz, A., & Breazeal, C. (2006) “Teachable Characters: User Studies, Design Principles, and Learning Performance.” In Proceedings of the 6th Internatinoal Conference of Intelligent Virtual Agants (IVA). Marina Del Rey, CA. 395-406.

A. L. Thomaz, and C. Breazeal (2006). “Transparency and Socially Guided Machine Learning.” In Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Developmental Learning (ICDL).

G. Hoffman and C. Breazeal (2006). “What Lies Ahead? Expectation Management in Human-Robot Collaboration.” In To Boldly Go Where No Human-Robot Team Has Gone Before: Papers from the 2006 Spring Symposium, ed. Terry Fong, 1-7. Technical Report SS-06-07. American Association for Artificial Intelligence, Menlo Park, California.

Stiehl, W.D & Breazeal, C. (2006) “A Sensitive Skin for Robotic Companions Featuring Temperature, Force and Electric Field Sensors. In Proceedings of the 2006 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS). 1952-1959.

Stiehl, W. D., Breazeal, C., Han, K., Lieberman, J., Lalla, L., Maymin, A., Salinas, J., Fuentes, D., Toscano, R., Tong, C. H., and Kishore, A. (2006). The huggable: a new type of therapeutic robotic companion. In ACM SIGGRAPH 2006 Sketches (Boston, Massachusetts, July 30 – August 03, 2006). SIGGRAPH ‘06. ACM Press, New York, NY, 14.

A. L. Thomaz, G. Hoffman, and C. Breazeal (2006). “Reinforcement Learning with Human Teachers: Understanding how people want to teach robots.” In Proceedings of the 15th IEEE International Symposium on Robot and Human Interactive Communication (RO-MAN). 352-357.

G. Hoffman and C. Breazeal (2006) “Robotic Partners’ Bodies and Minds: An Embodied Approach to Fluid Human-Robot Collaboration,” In proceedings of the Fifth International Workshop on Cognitive Robotics. Boston, MA.

Kidd, C. & Breazeal, C. (2006) “Designing a Sociable Robot System for Weight Maintenance.” In Proceedings of IEEE Consumer Communications and Networking Conference (CCNC). Las Vegas, NV. Volume 1, 253-257.

Thomaz, A. L., Hoffman, G., and Breazeal, C. (2006). Experiments in socially guided machine learning: understanding how humans teach. In Proceeding of the 1st ACM SIGCHI/SIGART Conference on Human-Robot interaction (Salt Lake City, Utah, USA, March 02 – 03, 2006). HRI ‘06. ACM Press, New York, NY, 359-360. Best Short Paper.

W.D. Stiehl, Lieberman, J., Breazeal, C., Basel, L., Cooper, R., Knight, H., Lalla, L., Maymin, A. & Purchase, S. (2006) “The Huggable: A Therapeudic Robotic Companion for Relational Affective Touch.” In Proceedings of IEEE Consumer Communications and Networking Conference (CCNC). Las Vegas, NV. Volume 2, 1290-1291.

A. L. Thomaz, G. Hoffman, and C. Breazeal (2005). “Real-time Interactive Reinforcement Learning for Robots.” In Human Comprehensible Machine Learning: papers from the 2005 AAAI Workshop, ed. Dan Oblinger, 9-13. Technical Report WS-05-05. American Association for Artificial Intelligence, Menlo Park, CA.

A. L. Thomaz and C. Breazeal.(2005) “Socially guided machine learning: Designing an algorithm to learn from real-time human interaction.” In NIPS 2005 workshop on Robot Learning in Unstructured Environments.

C. Breazeal, C. Kidd, A. L. Thomaz, G. Hoffman, M. Berlin (2005) “Effects of Nonverbal Communication on Efficiency and Robustness in Human-Robot Teamwork.” Proceedings of IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robotics and Systems (IROS). 708-713.

Stiehl,W. & Breazeal, C. (2005), “Design of a Therapeutic Robotic Companion for Relational, Affective Touch,” Proceedings of Fourteenth IEEE Workshop on Robot and Human Interactive Communication (Ro-Man05), Nashville, TN. 408-415. Best paper Award.

Kidd, C. and Breazeal, C. (2005) “Sociable Robot Systems for Real-World Problems,” Proceedings of Fourteenth IEEE Workshop on Robot and Human Interactive Communication (Ro-Man05), Nashville, TN. 353-358.

Thomaz, A. L., Berlin, M. and Breazeal, C. (2005), “An Embodied Computational Model of Social Referencing.” Proceedings of Fourteenth IEEE Workshop on Robot and Human Interactive Communication (Ro-Man05), Nashville, TN. 591-598.

Gray, J., Breazeal, C., Berlin, M., Brooks, A. and Lieberman, J. (2005), “Action Parsing and Goal Inference using Self as Simulator.” Proceedings of Fourteenth IEEE Workshop on Robot and Human Interactive Communication (Ro-Man05), Nashville, TN. 202-209.

Thomaz, A. L., Berlin, M. and Breazeal, C. (2005) “Robot Science Meets Social Science: An Embodied Computational Model of Social Referencing.” Cog Sci 20005 Workshop Toward Social Mechanisms Android Science. Trento, Italy.

Thomaz, A.L., Hoffman, G., and Breazeal, C. (2005) “Real-time interactive reinforcement learning for robots.” Proceedings of AAAI workshop on Human Comprehensible Machine Learning. Pittsburgh, PA.

Gray, J. & Breazeal, C. (2005), “Toward Helpful Robot Teammates: A Simulation Theoretic Approach for Inferring Mental States of Others.” Proceedings of the AAAI 2005 workshop on Modular Construction of H uman-Like Intelligence. Pittsburgh, PA.

Kidd, C. and Breazeal, C. (2005). “Sociable robot systems for real-world problems.” UBICOMP 05 Workshop on Monitoring, measuring and motivating exercise: ubiquitous computing to support fitness (The Seventh International Conference on Ubiquitous Computing). Tokyo, Japan, 11-14 September 2005.

Kidd, C.D. And Breazeal, C. (2005). “Human-robot interaction experiments: Lessons learned.” In Kerstin Dautenhahn and Rene de Boekhorst, editors, Robot Companions: Hard Problems and Open Challenges in Robot-Human Interaction Symposium at Social Intelligence and Interaction in Animals, Robots and Agents (AISB05), pp. 141–142, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield, England, April 2005.

Stiehl, W.D. & Breazeal, C. (2005) “Affective Touch for Robotic Companions.” Proceedings of Affective Computing and Intelligent Interaction. Bejing, China.

Stiehl, W.D., Lieberman, J., Breazeal, C., Basel, L., Lalla, L. and Wolf, M. (2005). The Design of the Huggable: A Therapeutic Robotic Companion for Relational, Affective Touch. Proceedings of AAAI 2005 Fall Symposium on Caring Machines. Washington D.C.

*J. Lieberman and C. Breazeal (2004). “Improvements on Action Parsing and Action Interpolation for Learning through Demonstration.” Proceedings of the IEEE/RAS Fourth International Conference on Humanoid Robots (Humanoids 2004), Los Angeles, CA. 342-365.

C. Breazeal, A. Brooks, D. Chilongo, J. Gray, G. Hoffman, C. Kidd, H. Lee, J. Lieberman, A. Lockerd (2004). “Working Collaboratively with Humanoid Robots.” Proceedings of the IEEE/RAS Fourth International Conference on Humanoid Robots (Humanoids 2004), Los Angeles, CA. 253-272.

G. Hoffman and C. Breazeal (2004) “Robots that Work in Collaboration with People.” In The Intersection of Cognitive Science and Robotics: From Interfaces to Intelligence: papers from the 2004 AAAI Workshop, ed. Alan Schultz. Technical Report FS-04-05. American Association for Artificial Intelligence, Menlo Park, CA.

Bluethmann, W., R, Ambrose, M. Diftler, E. Huber, A, Fagg, M. Rosenstein, R. Platt, R. Grupen, C. Breazeal, A. Brooks, A. Lockerd, R. A.Peters II, O. C. Jenkins, M. Mataric, M. Bugajska (2004) “Building an Autonomous Humanoid Tool User.” Proceedings of the IEEE/RAS Fourth International Conference on Humanoid Robots (Humanoids 2004). Santa Monica, CA. 402-421.

G. Hoffman and C. Breazeal (2004). “Robots that work in collaboration with people Proceedings of AAAI Fall Symposium on The Intersection of Cognitive Science and Robotics: From Interfaces to Intelligence. Washington DC.

G. Hoffman and C. Breazeal (2004). “Collaboration in Human-Robot Teams.” Proceedings of AIAA First Intelligent Systems Technical Conference, Chicago, IL.

Lockerd and C. Breazeal (2004). “Tutelage and Socially Guided Robot Learning.” Proceedings of IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS04), Sendai, Japan. 3475-3480.

*C. Kidd and C. Breazeal (2004). “Effect of a Robot on User Perceptions.” Proceedings of the 2004 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS), Sendai, Japan. Volume 4, 3559-3564.

*J. McBean and C. Breazeal (2004). “Voice Coil Actuators for Human-Robot Interaction.” Proceedings of the 2004 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS), Sendai, Japan. 862-858.

*W. D. Stiehl, L. Lalla, and C. Breazeal (2004). “Applying a Somatic Alphabet Approach to Inferring Orientation, Motion and Direction in Clusters of Force Sensing Resistors.” Proceedings of the 2004 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS), Sendai, Japan. 3015-3020.

C. Breazeal, J. Gray, G. Hoffman and M. Berlin (2004). “Social Robots: Beyond tools to Partners.” Proceedings of Thirteenth IEEE Workshop on Robot and Human Interactive Communication (Ro-Man04), Kurashiki, Japan. 551-556.

C. Breazeal, G. Hoffman and A. Lockerd (2004). “Teaching and Working with Robots as a Collaboration." In Proceedings of the Third International Joint Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multi Agent Systems (AAMAS). 1030-1037.

*W. D. Stiehl, L. Lalla, and C. Breazeal (2004). “A Somatic Alphabet Approach to Sensitive Skin for Robots.” Proceedings of the 2004 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA). 2865―2870, New Orleans, LO.

Brooks, J. Gray, G. Hoffman, A. Lockerd, H. Lee and C. Breazeal (2004). "Robot’s play: interactive games with sociable machines." In Proceedings of the 2004 ACM SIGCHI international Conference on Advances in Computer Entertainment Technology (Singapore, June 03 – 05, 2005). ACE ‘04, vol. 74. ACM Press, New York, NY, 74-83. Outstanding Paper Commendation.

C. Breazeal, A. Brooks, J. Gray, M. Hancher, C. Kidd, J. McBean, W.D. Stiehl, and J. Strickon (2003), “Interactive Robot Theatre”, In Proceedings of IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS 2003). Las Vegas, NV. 3648-3655.

Breazeal, C., Brooks, A., Hancher, M., Strickon, J., Kidd, C., McBean, J., and Stiehl, D. (2002). Public anemone: an organic robot creature. In ACM SIGGRAPH 2002 Conference Abstracts and Applications (San Antonio, Texas, July 21 – 26, 2002). SIGGRAPH ‘02. ACM Press, New York, NY, 76-76.

C. Breazeal (2001), “Affective interaction between humans and robots”, in Proceedings of the 2001 European Conference on Artificial Life (ECAL 2001). Prague, Czech Rep., 582―591.

C. Breazeal, (2001). “Emotive qualities in robot speech,” in Proceedings of the 2001 International Conference on Intelligent Robotics and Systems (IROS 2001). Maui, HI.

C. Breazeal (2001), “Socially intelligent robots: Research, development, and applications,” in Proceedings of the 2001 IEEE Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics (SMC 2001). Tucson, AZ.

C. Breazeal (2000). “Proto-conversations with an anthropomorphic robot,” in Proceedings of the Ninth IEEE International Workshop on Robot and Human Interactive Communication (Ro-Man2000). Osaka, Japan, 328--333.

C. Breazeal (2000). “Believability and readability of robot faces,” in Proceedings of the Eighth International Symposium on Intelligent Robotic Systems (SIRS 2000). Reading, UK, 247--256.

C. Breazeal (2000), “Regulation and entrainment in human-robot interactions,” in Proceedings of the Seventh International Symposium on Experimental Robotics (ISER2000). Honolulu, HI.

Breazeal, C. and Scassellati, B. (1999), "
How to build robots that make friends and influence people". To appear in IROS99, Kyonjiu, Korea. NTF Outstanding Paper Award 2007.

C. Breazeal (1999), “Robot in society: Friend or appliance?” in Proceedings of the 1999 Autonomous Agents Workshop on Emotion-Based Agent Architectures (EBAA99), Seattle, WA, 18―26.

C. Breazeal (1999), “Imitation as social exchange between humans and robots,” in Proceedings from the 1999 Society for the Study of Artificial Intelligence and Simulation of Behavior (AISB99), Symposium on Imitation in Animals and Artifacts, Edinburgh, Scotland, 96―104.

C. Breazeal and B. Scassellati (1999). "
A context-dependent attention system for a social robot," in Proceedings of the Sixteenth International Joint Conference on Artifical Intelligence (IJCAI 99). Stockholm, Sweden, 1146--1151.

C. Breazeal (1998). “A motivation system for regulating human-robot interaction,” in Proceedings of the fifteenth National Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI 98). Madison, WI, 54--61.

C. Breazeal (1998), “Regulating human-robot interaction using ‘emotions’, ‘drives’, and facial expressions,” in K. Dautenhahn and G. Hayes (eds.), Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Autonomous Agents (Agents98) Workshop on Agents in Interaction: Acquiring Competence through Imitation, Minneapolis, MO, 14--21, (1998).

C. Breazeal (1998), “Early experiments using motivations to regulate human-robot interaction,” in Proceedings of the 1998 American Association of Artificial Intelligence (AAAI98) Fall Symposium on Emotional and Intelligent: the Tangled knot of Cognition, Technical Report FS-98-03, Orlando, FL, 31--36, (1998).